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Cryptocurrency Gambling: Understanding the Dutch Regulations

As the value of digital currency continues to ascend, the gambit and appeal of cryptocurrency gambling seem to have gained a universal outreach. And, while the Netherlands has established itself as a precursor in this burgeoning industry, it’s essential to understand the very unique circumstances and regulations that govern the landscape of cryptocurrency gambling in the country. So, let’s delve into the intricacies of Dutch regulations that govern digital currency in the gambling realm.

Cryptocurrency, and moreover, its regulation, has been a red-hot issue in the 21st century, breaking age-old paradigms of finance and governance. Thus, the Digital Currency Act (Wet digitale dienstverlening), introduced by the Dutch Ministry of Finance in 2020, raised more than a few eyebrows in the cryptoverse. The act instituted anti-money-laundering regulations (AMLD5) in concurrence with the European Union guidelines to ensure transparency, fraud prevention, and illicit activity checks.

According to the Act, every crypto-based service provider, including those involved with online gambling, must register with De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB), the central bank of the Netherlands. The bank conducts stringent assessments of the business plans, risk management frameworks, client-profile analyses, and fund safeguards before granting any authorization. Moreover, the appointed board members and other major stakeholders must also pass probity tests to ensure legal conduct.

Moving forward with the Gambling Act

The Netherlands has traditionally been open-minded towards gambling. The revised Dutch Gambling Act (Kansspelautorisatie wet), slated to come into effect in 2022, embraces the evolving trends of online gambling. Although the law allows foreign operators to apply for an online gambling license, its stance on cryptocurrency gambling remains a bit non-committal.

The Dutch Gambling Authority (Kansspelautoriteit), in its mandate, has clearly stated that cryptocurrencies are not considered legal tender. Furthermore, under the current legal framework, entities that promote gambling in cryptocurrencies can be perceived as enabling problematic behavior and could well violate the Dutch Gambling Act.

Flirting with a Grey Area

Despite the regulatory prohibitions, cryptocurrency gambling finds some space to exist in the Netherlands. The key here is the imitation of functions where cryptocurrencies can replicate ‘in-game items’. This binding is founded on the Dutch government’s statement that ‘loot boxes’ (virtual items in video games that can be purchased with real or digital currency) are, in essence, games of chance and fall under gambling legislation.

This pseudo-legal implementation, hinged on interpretation, indeed illustrates a loophole within the Gambling Act, and offers a safe haven for cryptocurrency gambling, at least for now.

Challenges and Future Aspects

The regulation of cryptocurrency gambling in the Netherlands is replete with paradoxes, with a spectrum of challenges to tackle. The most significant being the boost of black-market activities, as strict regulations often drive people towards unregulated, illicit platforms. Sprawling illegal markets not only dent government revenues but also deprive gamblers of legal protection.

While European Union’s now-inevitable focus on cryptocurrency regulation might offer some resolution, the Dutch government and the DNB ought to tread thoughtfully. As the world is embraced by the cryptocurrency revolution, a balance between regulatory obligations and the fostering of digital innovation is vital.

Cryptocurrency gambling, cloaked in allure and ambiguity, seems to be perpetually caught amidst stringent Dutch law and digital advancement. As we wait for a definitive regulatory framework, the future of crypto-gambling in the Netherlands, thrilling as it may seem, walks a tightrope over a sea of unpredictability.


1. Ministry of Finance, ‘Digital Services Act’ (Wet digitale dienstverlening)
2. Kansspelautoriteit, ‘Online gambling in the Netherlands: legislation’
3. De Nederlandsche Bank, ‘Cryptocurrency regulations’
4. Dutch Government, ‘Loot boxes under Dutch Legislation’
5. European Union, ‘AMLD5 guidelines’
6. Parliamentary Papers, Senate, session 2021-2022, ‘Revised Dutch Gambling Act’.

Written by
Govind Dhiman
Introducing Govind Dhiman, the Editor-in-Chief of, a trailblazing figure in the world of cryptocurrency and Bitcoin. With an unwavering dedication to excellence and a deep understanding of the crypto landscape, Govind leads our platform with unparalleled expertise. His vision drives us to provide cutting-edge insights and reliable information for crypto enthusiasts worldwide. For collaboration opportunities or to glean from his vast knowledge, contact Govind at

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